Kingdom of Hawaii

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Kingdom of Hawaii

Post  ChrisF202 on Sat 06 Sep 2008, 11:10 pm

Does anyone have any details on the uniforms worn by their armed forces prior to the 1893 overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy by American sugarcane plantation owners?

I know they had a Royal Guard and a police force in addition to some militia units. I am not sure if they had a navy or a regular army.

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Re: Kingdom of Hawaii

Post  buistR on Sun 07 Sep 2008, 7:54 am

Hi ChrisF.
"Ceremonial Uniforms of the World" by Jack Cassin-Scott - ISBN 0 903792 03 6, contains a colour plate showing the 58 strong Hawaiian King's Guard in 1886. The uniform resembles the parade dress of the US Marines of the period - white cork helmet covered with white drill, brass spike and chin chain crossing the body of the helmet, bronze badge showing the Royal monogram with a crown above, dark blue single-breasted tunic with seven bronze buttons, dark blue stand-up collar, shoulder straps and cuffs (i.e. no facing colours), white leather belt with brass buckle, white gloves, white linen trousers. Officers wore double-breasted tunics with two rows of nine buttons, collar edged in gold lace, gold Austrian knots on sleeves, gold waist belt with two lines of blue, gold laced epaulettes with bullion fringes. The guardsmen were armed with Springfield rifles.

Besides the King's Guard the Hawaiian army included the Honolulu Rifles, the Mamalahoa Infantry, the Princes's Own Artillery and the Leleiohoku Guard Cavalry. However Cassin-Scott does not give any details of the dress of these units.

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Re: Kingdom of Hawaii

Post  Animal on Wed 10 Sep 2008, 2:51 pm

Here's the King's Guard from the Cassin-Scott book:

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Re: Kingdom of Hawaii

Post  Sean on Mon 15 Sep 2008, 8:54 pm

Great thread, and one of my personal favourites.
Mainly because information on the Hawaiian military is so hard to find.
I have some pictures and will try to post them soon.
Whenever I can finally get back online.

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Hawaiian Guard, 1886

Post  Sean on Fri 19 Sep 2008, 4:19 am

I don't have a lot of information on them but here's one of a Guardsman from 1886

https://i.servimg.com/u/f32/12/22/09/10/hawgd810.gif
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Re: Kingdom of Hawaii

Post  Sean on Fri 19 Sep 2008, 4:27 am

Oops already been done.
This Guardsman is from 1882.
Note the Germanic style of cuffs. Pickelhaubes were also worn at some stage, but perhaps only by the Royal family and officers.

https://i.servimg.com/u/f32/12/22/09/10/hawgd811.gif
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Re: Kingdom of Hawaii

Post  ChrisF202 on Fri 19 Sep 2008, 10:19 am

Sean, you wouldent happen to have any details on rank insignia would you - especially in regards to the officers?

I did find a list of ranks; Pvt, Cpl (2 chevrons), Color Cpl (?), Sgt (3 chevrons), Ordnance Sgt (3 chevrons below star), 1st Sgt (3 chevrons below diamond), 2nd Lt (?), 1st Lt (?) and Captain (?).

Enlisted men wore white chevrons with black border. Officers I have no clue.

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Re: Kingdom of Hawaii

Post  Sean on Fri 19 Sep 2008, 8:05 pm

Sorry, I've got nothing on that.
Could be either Germanic in nature (twisted shoulder cords), given their early influence, or Amercian ( abbreviated epaulettes) due to their influence on the islands from the 1880s.
If I can find my 'Hawaii' file in the attic I'll have a look at the photocopies I've got, but I don't hold out a lot of hope.
I wish you luck in finding something.

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Hawaii ranks

Post  wfrad on Sun 21 Sep 2008, 3:34 am

NCOís rank seems to follow the US army's uniforms of the 1880ís.
Iíve tried to find some info; itís like finding snow in hell.

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Royal Guards and Militia of Hawaii 1852-1893

Post  KahunaRex on Wed 25 Jul 2018, 2:16 pm

Aloha. Am currently writing and illustrating a book on the subject of the Kingdom's Military forces. It's a project I started over 20 years ago, tabled, and am now near completion. Spurred on now by Neil Dukas' work from 2004, "A Military History of Sovereign Hawaii", and some correspondence with him in recent weeks and days. Anyone have knowledge to share? Mahalo.

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Re: Kingdom of Hawaii

Post  wfrad on Thu 26 Jul 2018, 6:52 am

There's this link but I doubt if it has anything new for you, and the only other images are one of the band around 1889 [wikipedia] and modern day Americans in Hawaiian style uniforms.
http://warfarehistorian.blogspot.com/2012/08/odd-fighting-units-of-world-history.html

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Reference materials

Post  KahunaRex on Thu 26 Jul 2018, 7:19 am

Thanks for the reply. Well, I can tell you that my research is far beyond any of the commonly found photos and essays on the internet. I was given all the data that Colonel Walter Judd had researched, before his passing in 2000. He was a driving force behind moving Iolani Barracks and the restoration of Iolani Palace in the 1970s, as well as founding the Hawaii National Guard's re-enactment Royal Guards Color Guard unit. He was also the grandson of Garritt Judd, a Minister of the Interior and also of Finance under Kalakaua, as well as holding ranks in the Hawaiian military forces.

So, anyway...as a hapa-haole myself (meaning part Hawaiian), and flying more than 30 years as an airline captain, with more than 10 years just LAX-HNL-OGG, I had 24 hours each trip to spend at museums, libraries, archives, and visiting collections and collectors. And as an illustrator, I've compiled information that will pictorially describe and answer many questions such as those posed here.

I have been a militaria collector for 40 years, officer dress helmets of all countries from 1815-1915, and am a graduate of a military college, and a very old Vietnam era B-52 pilot, who is trying to empty his bucket list.

Stay tuned, and maybe you'll get to buy my book.... Very Happy

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Re: Kingdom of Hawaii

Post  LAIT on Fri 27 Jul 2018, 7:39 am

Not really sure of the substance of this contribution, but I found an image of the King's Guard artillery in "their undress whites". I found it here, https://www.scribd.com/document/93061196/brief-hawaiian-military-history-rev2-082710.[You must be registered and logged in to see this image.]

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Re: Kingdom of Hawaii

Post  KahunaRex on Sat 28 Jul 2018, 12:50 am

Thanks, LATT...I do include a description and illustration of that uniform in my book. Mahalo.

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Re: Kingdom of Hawaii

Post  LAIT on Sat 28 Jul 2018, 12:19 pm

Cheers. Love to read it some time!

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